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Historical and old photos of Madona (german - Modohn)

(all photos for free use)

Coat of arms of Madona

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Historical and old photos of Madona (german - Modohn)

A small historical reference

Geography: The town of Madona lies in hilly surroundings, that descents underneath the town in a northwestern-southeastern direction. Several minor rivers and streams flows through the town, such as: Lisa River, Leivārīte, Ridzīte, Mucenieki River, Rieba River and Madona River — which flows can be seen in beautiful glens, like: The Love Glen, The Wedding Glen and The Divorce Glen. In The Love Glen is a park, in which the manmade water reservoir has one of the highest fountains in Latvia.

Date of foundation:

History:

Population: 9 394

Sights:

Madona. Agricultural work, in the background - a steam thresher
Agricultural work, in the background - a steam thresher
Madona. Baloža street
Baloža street
Madona. Big street, 1918
Big street, 1918
Madona. Composition of the headquarters of the 7th Sigulda Infantry Regiment, 1935.jpg
Composition of the headquarters of the 7th Sigulda Infantry Regiment, 1935.jpg
Madona. Courthouse
Courthouse
Madona. Cultural festival
Cultural festival
Madona. District House of Soviets, 1938
District House of Soviets, 1938
Madona. Evangelical-Lutheran Church
Evangelical-Lutheran Church
Madona. Fire department, 1938
Fire department, 1938
Madona. Gymnasium, 1926
Gymnasium, 1926
Madona. Gymnasium, 1930s
Gymnasium, 1930s
Madona. Gymnasium, 1938
Gymnasium, 1938
Madona. Grocery Store of Victor Zeltin, 1935
Grocery Store of Victor Zeltin, 1935
Madona. House of Culture
House of Culture
Madona. Male Gymnasium, interior, 1931
Male Gymnasium, interior, 1931
Madona. Panorama of the city, 1939
Panorama of the city, 1939
Madona. Panorama of city houses, 1926
Panorama of city houses, 1926
Madona. Panorama of city street, 1935
Panorama of city street, 1935
Madona. Post office
Post office
Madona. Riga Boulevard
Riga Boulevard
Madona. Railway Station, 1938
Railway Station, 1938
Madona. Railway Station
Railway Station
Madona. Railway Station and City
Railway Station and City
Madona. Women's Gymnasium
Women's Gymnasium

History

The surrounding area of Madona had been populated in earlier times, which is confirmed by discoveries of old burial grounds in the city's vicinity. Madona is first mentioned in writing in 1461, when Archbishop Sylvester began renting the lands of Birži Manor. However, the Swedish government placed the land under state control. After the Great Northern War, Madona became property of the Russian Empire. Empress Elizabeth presented Birži Manor along with other of Vidzeme's manors to Count Alexander Buturlin.

Empress Catherine II bought the lands back as a present to another relative of her court — the Serbian major-general Maxim Zorić. From the 19th to the beginning of the 20th century, the location of Madona was the fields of Birži Manor.

According to one version, the name of Madona stems from the adjacent Madona Lake. According to another version, Madona got its name from Birži Manor, which German exonym is Madohn or Modohn. For this reason, the railway station situated at the Pļaviņas - Valka narrow gauge railway line was named Madona as well. The populated place that slowly emerged around the station also got this name after the erection of the Madona railway station in 1903.

Village privileges was given to Madona 1 July 1921, and town privileges 7 June 1926. Since 1 April 1925 Madona was the center of the newly founded County of Madona (Madonas apriņķis). Madona had 1,357 inhabitants at the time.

Origin: en.wikipedia.org




Photos posted on the website in accordance with Article 7, paragraph 1 of the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works of 9 September 1886, the term of protection which is fifty years after the author's death.

After this period photos it becomes public domain. The participants of the Berne Convention are 167 States.


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