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Historical and old photos of Cesvaine (german - Seßwegen)

(all photos for free use)

Coat of arms of Cesvaine

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Historical and old photos of Cesvaine (german - Seßwegen)

A small historical reference

Cesvaine - a city in the province Cesvaine Latvia, located in the north-east of the country, on the river Sula. In 1209 Cesvaine, together with other lands of central Latvia entered the Livonian bishopric. In 1211 the bishopric was divided, and Cesvaine ceded to the Order of the Sword. In 1213, the city was once again returned to the bishop. In 1420 a wooden fortress in Cesvaine was rebuilt on a stone. By the end of the XVI century, the city had a total of 18 houses.

During the Livonian War, Russian forces took the city and destroyed it. After the war, in 1582, Cesvaine ceded to the Commonwealth. In 1656 Russian troops recaptured the city and completely destroyed it. The new urban settlement was formed here only after the purchase of land around Cesvaine Baron Wolf, at the beginning of the XIX century.

Population: 3 356

Cesvaine. Hospital
Hospital
Cesvaine. Cavaliers house
Cavaliers house
Cesvaine. The mill
The mill
Cesvaine. The mill
The mill
Cesvaine. Panorama of city
Panorama of city
Cesvaine. Panorama of city
Panorama of city
Cesvaine. Panorama of city
Panorama of city
Cesvaine. Post office, 1924
Post office, 1924
Cesvaine. Buildings of castle
Buildings of castle
Cesvaine. Students of Middle school, 1920
Students of Middle school, 1920
Cesvaine. Railway station
Railway station
Cesvaine. Railway station
Railway station
Cesvaine. Castle
Castle
Cesvaine. Castle
Castle
Cesvaine. Castle, stables
Castle, stables
Cesvaine. Alumni of Gymnasium, 1923
Alumni of Gymnasium, 1923

History

During the period before the Livonian Crusade in the 13th century, the territory of modern Cesvaine was part of the Principality of Jersika and was inhabited by ancient Latgalians. It was first mentioned in written sources in 1209 (Latin: Urbs Zcessowe) in the treaty between bishop Albert of Riga and Visvaldis of Jersika. In 1211 the Bishopric of Riga and the Livonian Brothers of Sword partitioned the lands of Jersika between themselves. The territory of Cesvaine fell under the control of the Livonian Brothers of the Sword, however in 1213 some of the lands were exchanged and Cesvaine became property of the Bishop of Riga.

In the beginning of the 15th century, a stone castle was built in Cesvaine and the settlement started to grow. By the end of the 16th century there were already 80 houses in Cesvaine. During the Livonian War in 1577, defenders of Cesvaine castle refused to surrender. Consequently, the Russian tsar Ivan the Terrible ordered that the castle and whole town be destroyed. After the war in 1582 Cesvaine became part of Duchy of Livonia.

In 1656 during the Second Northern War Russians again seized the castle and destroyed the town.

A new period in the history of Cesvaine started in the year 1815 when the settlement and nearby lands were bought by the baron von Wulf. Cesvaine became centre of the manor and rapid development started in the second half of the 19th century.

In 1932 Cesvaine became a village in the Republic of Latvia. It was granted town rights in 1991. Since 2009, the town has become the official administrative centre of Cesvaine municipality.

Origin: en.wikipedia.org




Photos posted on the website in accordance with Article 7, paragraph 1 of the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works of 9 September 1886, the term of protection which is fifty years after the author's death.

After this period photos it becomes public domain. The participants of the Berne Convention are 167 States.


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