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Historical and old photos of Aluksne (german - Marienburg)

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Coat of arms of Aluksne

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Historical and old photos of Aluksne (german - Marienburg)

A small historical reference

Aluksne - Aluksne center edge of the country, located on the north-east of Latvia at the lake of the same name. The first written mention - 1284. Until 1917 it called Marienburg - from Marienburg castle (the name given in honor of the castle of Our Lady), built on the island, used to protect trade routes from Riga to Pskov.

Russian army led by Count Sheremetev captured the city during the Great Northern War in 1702. This prisoner was Gluck and his pupil March Skavronskaya (Cruz), who became his mistress and later the wife of the first Russian emperor Peter I. In 1724, under the name of Catherine I was crowned to the Russian throne, becoming the Russian empress.

Population: 9 308

Aluksne. Palace Marienburg
Palace Marienburg
Aluksne. Palace Marienburg
Palace Marienburg
Aluksne. Palace Marienburg
Palace Marienburg
Aluksne. City landscape
City landscape
Aluksne. The barracks and a sauna 7th Sigulda Infantry Regiment on Lake Aluksne
The barracks and a sauna 7th Sigulda Infantry Regiment on Lake Aluksne
Aluksne. Company Robetr Sloss
Company Robetr Sloss
Aluksne. Company Robetr Sloss
Company Robetr Sloss
Aluksne. Shop
Shop
Aluksne. Officers of the 7th Sigulda Infantry Regiment
Officers of the 7th Sigulda Infantry Regiment
The opening of the station Aluksne, 1902
The opening of the station Aluksne, 1902
Aluksne. A monument to the 7th Sigulda Infantry Regiment
A monument to the 7th Sigulda Infantry Regiment
Aluksne. Panorama of the city
Panorama of the city
Aluksne. Panorama of the city
Panorama of the city
Aluksne. Panorama of the city
Panorama of the city
Aluksne. Panorama of the city
Panorama of the city
Aluksne. View of the Old Palace from the lake, 1927
View of the Old Palace from the lake, 1927
Aluksne. Panorama of the city
Panorama of the city
Aluksne. Panorama of the city
Panorama of the city
Aluksne. Panorama of the city
Panorama of the city
Aluksne. Panorama of the city
Panorama of the city
Aluksne. Brewery
Brewery
Aluksne. Ruins of Castle Marienburg
Ruins of Castle Marienburg
Aluksne. Old palace
Old palace
Aluksne. Helen Castle
Helen Castle

History

The region around Lake Alūksne was originally settled by Finnic-speaking tribes, and from the 8th-12th centuries by Latgalians. The date of settlement at the current location of the town, then known as Olysta, Alyst, and Volyst, is given in the chronicles of Pskov as 1284. The later name "Alūksne" comes from the Latgalian word olūksna, meaning a spring in the forest.

The Latgalian inhabitants of the settlement were conquered by the German crusaders of the Livonian Order in 1342. They built a castle named Marienburg (after Mary, the mother of Jesus) on a nearby island, which served to protect trade routes from Riga to Pskov. The town which developed near the castle also became known as Marienburg.

Marienburg was captured by the troops of Ivan IV of Russia in 1560 during the Livonian War. It was incorporated into the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1582. The town became part of the Swedish Empire in 1629.

Ernst Glück, a Lutheran clergyman and the first translator of the Bible into Latvian, founded the first Latvian language schools in Vidzeme in 1683. It is now the Alūksne Museum. The Russian army led by Sheremetyev captured the town during the Great Northern War in 1702, doing great damage to the area and deporting all the inhabitants, including Glück and his foster daughter, Marta Skavronska, who later became Empress Catherine I of Russia. After 1721 Alūksne became part of the Livonia Governorate but for many decades it was a devastated and minor settlement. Alūksne started development in the 19th century when it became a major trading centre. Further development was stimulated with opening of narrow gauge railway line Stukmaņi-Gulbene-Alūksne-Valka in 1903.

During Latvian War of Independence Alūksne was one of the first major settlements in Vidzeme which was liberated by Latvian Army in May 1919. In 1920 Alūksne was granted town rights. Since 2009 it is an administrative center of the Alūksne municipality. From 1941-1944, Aluksne was taken by Germany.

The town's island is known as Pils salas (Castle Island) and Maria Island. Alūksne Castle is now used as an open air theater.

Origin: en.wikipedia.org




Photos posted on the website in accordance with Article 7, paragraph 1 of the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works of 9 September 1886, the term of protection which is fifty years after the author's death.

After this period photos it becomes public domain. The participants of the Berne Convention are 167 States.


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