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Historical and old photos of Ainazi (Gainash)

(all photos for free use)

Coat of arms of Ainazi

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Historical and old photos of Ainazi (Gainash)

A small historical reference

Ainaži is a harbour town in the Vidzeme region of Latvia. The town is located near the Estonian border on the site of an ancient Liv fishing village. The smallest city in the whole of Vidzeme and the cradle of the Latvian Maritime. Before 1917, it was known by its German name Haynasch (in Estonian Heinaste, in Russian, Гайнаш Gainash).

Attractions - Museum of Naval School and Fire Museum.

Population: 891

Ainazi. House of Mikelsons, 1925
House of Mikelsons, 1925
Ainazi. Border crossing point Latvia-Estonia, 1935
Border crossing point Latvia-Estonia, 1935
Ainazi. The border with Estonia
The border with Estonia
Ainazi. Breakwater, 1913
Breakwater, 1913
Ainazi. Marine school
Marine school
Ainazi. Primary School
Primary School
Ainazi. Primary School, House Tamistu, 1911
Primary School, House Tamistu, 1911
Ainazi. Panorama of city
Panorama of city
Ainazi. Panorama of city, 1913
Panorama of city, 1913
Ainazi. Panorama of city, 1914
Panorama of city, 1914
Ainazi. Panorama of city, 1914
Panorama of city, 1914
Ainazi. Panorama of city, 1925
Panorama of city, 1925
Ainazi. Panorama of city, 1925
Panorama of city, 1925
Ainazi. Pavilion
Pavilion
Ainazi. Post and Telegraph, the Building of 1912
Post and Telegraph, the Building of 1912
Ainazi. Fisherman Berzins with his family, 1908
Fisherman Berzins with his family, 1908
Ainazi. Port
Port
Ainazi. Port
Port
Ainazi. Berth in the port
Berth in the port
Ainazi. Narrow Gauge Railroad, 1914
Narrow Gauge Railroad, 1914
Ainazi. Crossing village road and the narrow-gauge railway, 1914
Crossing village road and the narrow-gauge railway, 1914
Ainazi. Naval College, 1930
Naval College, 1930
Ainazi. Wooden Castle Veides, 1913
Wooden Castle Veides, 1913
Ainazi. Wooden Castle Veides, 1920
Wooden Castle Veides, 1920

History

Ainaži existed for centuries as a Livonian fishing village. The town itself was first mentioned in 1564, and through the ages, changed hands among various barons and estates. Ainaži entered a great period of growth in the 1870s, when its history of shipbuilding and seafaring began.

In the 19th century, Vidzeme and Courland were covered with vast forests of pine trees. Ainaži's strategic position on the sea and proximity to lumber made it a perfect place for ship building. In 1864 Krišjānis Valdemārs sponsored the first nautical school in Livonia (today Latvia), training young Estonian and Latvian farmers to become ship captains for free. The school stood for 50 years until it was destroyed in World War I. With the opening of the school and shipbuilding industry, Ainaži grew for the rest of the 19th century. From 1857 to 1913, over 50 seaworthy vessels were built in the town, and in 1902 a working port and railway station opened. By World War I, Ainaži was the fourth largest port in all of Latvia and chief in Vidzeme, overtaking neighboring Salacgrīva. The town also had its own windmills, fish-processing plant, and brick kiln.

In World War I Ainaži was heavily damaged. The port was ruined and the entire shipping fleet destroyed. In February 1919, the Estonian army drove the Germans from Ainaži and subsequently occupied it. After the war, Ainaži became part of Latvia after its inhabitants voted for Latvia in a referendum, but Estonia's troops remained stationed there until 1920 and Estonia kept the northern section of the town, the Ikla village.

In the years of independent Republic of Latvia (1918–1940) Ainaži was revitalized. The Ainaži fleet, sunken in the war, had completely barricaded the harbor and had to be removed. The harbor was then deepened, and the port was rebuilt in 1923 with new breakers. In 1930 the Ainaži lighthouse was built.

In World War II, however, Ainaži was destroyed again. The second naval academy burned down, the port was bombed, and the warehouses were plundered. Though the port was partially rebuilt in Soviet times, Ainaži was overshadowed by nearby Pärnu, and lost its fish-processing factory to Salacgrīva.

After Latvia's independence was restored in 1991, a wind turbine was built in Ainaži as well as a customs house on the Estonian border. Today the building of the nautical school hosts a museum, the Ainažu jūrskolas muzejs, dedicated to the history of the school and the tradition of shipbuilding along the Vidzeme coast.

Origin: en.wikipedia.org




Photos posted on the website in accordance with Article 7, paragraph 1 of the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works of 9 September 1886, the term of protection which is fifty years after the author's death.

After this period photos it becomes public domain. The participants of the Berne Convention are 167 States.


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